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  • How to Build a Floating Deck

    From: The Home Depot Blog

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    A floating deck, or freestanding deck, can add visual appeal to your backyard as well as increasing the space available for outdoor dining, entertaining or just relaxing outside. Caitlin Ketcham of the blog Desert Domicile included a beautiful floating deck in her amazing total backyard makeover, part of our Patio Style Challenge. Caitlin handled the backyard design, and The Home Depot helped with the bigger projects, including this floating deck.

    As you’ll see, this is not a small DIY project, but it’s doable for anyone with moderate DIY skills who wants to tackle it. Caitlin describes all the steps involved below.

    HOW TO BUILD A FLOATING DECK

    I read somewhere that ”the act of taking a step up gives you the illusion of being in a different place.” I wanted to create a different place in our yard but because of our low fence walls and our HOA’s rules against having anything go above the fence walls, I knew that the different place would have to be low to the ground.

    I fell in love with the floating deck Kristin Jackson of The Hunted Interior revealed in her Patio Style Challenge last year. Her deck felt like a different place in her yard, and I thought it was a great solution for our yard too! With Kristin’s inspiration, I drew up some plans for my own deck.

    Here’s how it was built.

    Tools Used

    Measuring tape
    Pencil
    Drill
    Drill bit
    Compound miter saw
    Reciprocating saw
    Circular saw
    Auger (rented)
    Post level
    Laser level
    Wheelbarrow
    Shovel
    Chalk reel
    Stakes
    String
    Safety goggles
    Ear protection
    Materials Used

    (8 to 16) 60 lbs. bags Quikrete concrete
    1 box of Deckmate #10 2½ in. wood deck screws w/bit
    (20) 2 x 6 joist hangers
    Ready Seal exterior wood stain in dark walnut
    Foam paint roller
    Paint tray and liner
    Rubber gloves
    Work gloves
    Wiping cloths
    Rags

    Lumber Needed (buy a shorter or longer length based on your dimensions):

    (8) 4 x 4 x 8 pieces of pressure treated lumber (for footer posts)
    (25) 2 x 6 x 10 pieces of pressure treated lumber (for interior frame)
    (4) 2 x 10 x 16 pieces of pressure treated lumber (for exterior frame)
    (23) 2 x 6 x 16 pieces of decking boards (for deck top)

    Measuring space for a floating deck

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    Step 1 – Determine deck size

    Determine how large you want your floating deck to be. Measure out the space in your yard or sketch out the design of your deck, making notations regarding it’s length, depth, width, and interior framework. I wanted our deck to have enough space for a dining set and lounge chairs, so I landed on a size of 10 ft. wide by 18 ft. long.

    Hammering a stake to mark area for a floating deck project

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    Step 2 – Mark off area for deck

    Measure out the size of your deck in your yard.

    Use stakes and string to mark off the dimensions of your future deck.

    Create a level line to lay your floating deck’s foundation along.

    Measuring for a cut in a DIY floating deck project

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    Step 3 – Measure and mark footer posts

    To figure out the height of your posts, add 2 ft. to the height you want your deck to be off the ground. This is assuming you have a level lot! Mark that height on your 4 x 4 posts. Our posts ended up being 38 in. high.

    Cutting wood to build a floating deck

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    Step 4 – Cut posts

    Use a compound miter saw to cut your posts down to the desired size. (Wear safety goggles ear protection.) My contractors cut our posts down to 38 in. so the top of our deck ended up being 14 in. off the ground.

    Using a two-man auger to dig post holes for a backyard floating deck

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    Step 5 – Dig post holes

    Use post hole diggers or a rented auger from The Home Depot to dig your post holes. You see a two-man auger in the photo above, but you can also rent a one-man auger from many Home Depot stores.

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    Dig each hole 8 in. wide by 18 in. deep. Space each hole 6 to 8 ft. apart, depending on the size of your deck.

    Mixing cement for a backyard floating deck

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    Step 6 – Mix concrete

    You’ll need to mix 1 to 2 bags of concrete per post hole. Mix the bags of concrete in a wheelbarrow until it’s chunky and wet.

    Leveling post in a DIY deck project

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    Step 7 – Set 4 x 4 posts

    Work on setting one 4 x 4 post at a time. Place the 4 x 4 post in the hole, making sure it’s level and plumb.

    Cementing a post in a floating deck DIY project

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    Shovel the concrete mixture around the post, and repeat this process until all of your posts are set in concrete.

    Let everything set up for at least 24 hours.

    Marking cuts for joists in a deck building project

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    Step 8 – Measure and mark main 2 x 6 floor joists

    While your concrete is drying, use a measuring tape and pencil to measure and mark your 2 x 6 pieces of pressure treated lumber.

    You want each board to be roughly 2 in. less than your desired floating deck’s width. Our boards ended up being 117 in. long.

    Cutting floor joists for a floating deck

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    Step 9 – Cut main floor joists

    Grab your safety goggles and ear protection and get ready to cut your floor joist boards. Use a compound miter saw to cut each 2 x 10 piece of pressure treated lumber down to the desired length you figured out in the previous step.

    Attaching floor joists to a backyard deck

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    Step 10 – Attach main floor joists

    After your concrete has had at least 24 hours to dry, use a drill and decking screws to screw a 2 x 10 to either side of a 4 x 4 footer post.

    Leveling floor joists for a backyard deck

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    Continue attaching your 2 x 10’s until all of your 4 x 4 posts have a floor joist attached to them.

    Make sure they’re level!

    Measuring floor boards for a backyard floating deck

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    Step 11 – Measure and mark 2 x 10 exterior perimeter boards

    Use your floating deck’s length and width as a guide to determine if you need to make any cuts to your 2 x 10 pieces of pressure treated lumber.

    Note: When joining two boards along the same side, cut them on a 45-degree complementary angle for a cleaner look.

    Cutting perimeter board for a backyard deck

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    Step 12 – Cut exterior 2 x 10 perimeter boards

    Put your safety goggles and ear protection on, and use a compound miter saw to cut your 2 x 10 boards down to size.

    Assembling the perimeter frame of a floating deck

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    Step 13 – Assemble perimeter of frame

    Use a drill and decking screws to screw the perimeter 2×10 pieces of pressure treated lumber to the main 2×10 joists.

    Attaching the exterior frame of a backyard deck

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    Continue attaching your 2 x 10’s until your frame is finished.

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    Cutting footer posts for a deck

    Step 14 – Cut 4 x 4 footer posts flush with deck frame

    Goggles and ear protection on! It’s time to cut your footer posts flush with the floating deck’s frame so the decking boards can lay across it. Use a reciprocating saw to do this.

    Measuring for interior posts for a deck

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    Step 15 – Measure and mark interior supports

    Use a measuring tape and pencil to measure and mark your desired dimensions on your 2 x 6 pieces of pressure treated lumber. Each 2 x 6 should fit just inside the frame. Ours ended up being 117 in. long.

    Cutting interior supports for a floating deck project

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    Step 16 – Cut interior supports

    Use a compound miter saw to cut your 2 x 6’s down to your desired lengths. (Don’t forget the safety goggles and ear protection.)

    Attaching joist brackets to a backyard deck

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    Step 17 – Attach joist brackets

    Use a drill and decking screws to attach joist hangers to the interior of your floating deck’s frame.

    Attaching joists to a backyard deck

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    Attach each joist hanger at 16 in. on center for strong support under foot.

    Laying interior supports into brackets in a deck construction

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    Step 18 – Lay interior supports into brackets

    After all of your joists are attached, start laying your pre-cut 2 x 6 interior boards into the joists. Attach the boards with a deck screw through the joist bracket.

    Measuring boards for a backyard floating deck

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    Step 19 – Measure and mark decking boards

    Use a measuring tape and pencil to measure and mark your desired dimensions on your 2 x 6 decking boards.

    Cutting boards for the floor of a backyard deck

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    Step 20 – Cut decking boards

    Put your safety goggles on and ear protection on so you can use a compound miter saw to cut your 2 x 6’s down to your desired lengths.

    Staining and sealing boards for a floating deck

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    Step 21 – Stain and seal decking

    After all of your wood has been cut down to size, line a paint tray with a paint tray liner, pour some exterior stain into the lined tray, grab your foam paint roller and start staining.

    Use a rag to wipe off any excess stain as you go and don’t forget to stain the ends of the boards!

    Repeat the staining process until the boards are stained to your desired darkness. Set each board aside to dry according to the time listed on your stain can/bucket.

    Note: The stain I chose had a built-in sealer so there was no need to seal the boards any further. If your stain doesn’t have a sealer built in it, seal your boards after the stain has dried.

    Attaching a deck to its frame

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    Step 22 – Attach decking to frame

    Use a drill and decking screws to attach the decking boards to the deck frame. Start with a full length board at the most visible spot.

    Attaching a backyard deck to its frame

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    Work perpendicular to the deck’s main joists and interior supports, and don’t forget to stagger the seams!

    Step 23 – Pop chalk line on ends

    After all of your decking boards have been attached, use a chalk reel to mark the end of your deck. Pop it so it leaves a cut line on your decking boards.

    Repeat this process for the other end of your deck.

    Popping chalk line to mark cut for the edge of a backyard deck

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    Step 24 – Cut ends off deck

    Use a circular saw to cut along the chalk line for a nice clean cut across all the ends of the boards.

    Cutting off the uneven ends of a backyard deck project

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    We couldn’t be happier with our new floating deck!

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    Check out more DIY projects and ideas here on The Home Depot Blog, and follow our Easy DIY pinboard on Pinterest.

    Browse our Outdoor Living Department for everything you need to enhance your outdoor space, including patio furniture, grills and landscaping supplies.

    Tags: DIY Project, Patio Style Challenge, Style Challenge

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